French articles and prepositions for countries and cities

French lesson 4 of grammar: articles and prepositions for countries and cities in French

French articles and prepositions for countries and cities


Knowing the articles and prepositions in front of countries and cities in French is really very important. Indeed, they are widely used. At the beginner level (A1 level), this is one of the first things to learn and master. The video below will teach you how to use French articles and prepositions for countries and cities:

In French, the countries are either masculine, feminine or plural:


For example, in the masculine: “Le Vietnam”, “Le Maroc”, “Le Portugal”. Before masculine country names, we use “au”: “Je travaille au Vietnam.”, “J’habite au Maroc.”, etc.


For example, in the feminine: “La France”, “La Belgique”, “La Chine”. Before the names of countries in the feminine, we use “en”: “Je vais en France.”, “J’habite en Chine.”, etc.


For example, in the plural: “Les Etats-Unis”, “Les Pays-Bas”, “Les Philippines”. Before the names of countries in the plural, we use “aux”: “Je vais aux Etats-Unis.”, “Je travaille aux Pays-Bas.”, etc.


Before city names, we use “à”: “Je travaille à Paris.”, “Je vais à New-York.”, etc.


Thanks to this video, you will learn articles and prepositions in front of countries and cities in French. To learn them well, repeat after the teacher. Thus, you will be able to understand orally and pronounce French articles and prepositions for countries and cities. To do well, watch the video several times, repeating after the teacher. To write and read articles and prepositions well in front of countries and cities, copy what the teacher writes in the video several times.


Knowing the French articles and prepositions for countries and cities is useful to introduce yourself. For example, this allows you to say in which country you live: “J’habite en France.”, “J’habite au Vietnam.”, “J’habite aux États-Unis.”, etc., or to say in which country you work: “Je travaille en France.”, “Je travaille au Vietnam.”, “Je travaille aux États-Unis.”. It also allows you to say in which city you live: “J’habite à Paris.”, “J’habite à New York.”, etc., or to say in which city you work: “Je travaille à Paris. ”,“ Je travaille à New York. ”, etc.


To deepen this grammar lesson on french articles and prepositions for countries and cities, you can study the French course: learn to Introduce yourself and the French course: learn to introduce someone.


Once you have successfully mastered this grammar lesson on French articles and prepositions for countries and cities, you can move on to the next French grammar lesson:


French grammar lesson 5: French possessive adjectives (mon, ma, mes…)


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