Nationalities and languages in French

French lesson 1 of vocabulary: nationalities and languages in French

Nationalities and languages in French

The lexicon (vocabulary) of nationalities and languages is very important in French. Indeed, it is widely used by Francophones. At the beginner level, this is one of the first things to learn and master. The vocabulary of nationalities and languages will allow you to introduce yourself and someone else. In the beginning, it will be very useful for you to have a basic conversation, especially with a person you are meeting for the first time. The video below will teach you the vocabulary of nationalities and languages in French:

Nationalities are masculine or feminine. For example, in the masculine, we say “français”, “allemand”, “anglais”, espagnol”, etc. In the feminine, we add an “e”: “française”, “allemande”, “anglaise”, espagnole”, etc.

Masculine
Feminine
françaisfrançaise
allemandallemande
anglaisanglaise
espagnolespagnole
chinoischinoise
japonaisjaponaise
américainaméricaine
mexicainmexicaine
sénégalaissénégalaise
congolaiscongolaise

For nationalities that end with “en”, in the feminine, we will add “ne”: “vietnamien”, “vietnamienne”, “canadien”, “canadienne”, brésilien”, brésilienne”, etc.

Masculine
Feminine
vietnamienvietnamienne
canadiencanadienne
brésilienbrésilienne
coréencoréenne
péruvienpéruvienne
australienaustralienne

Nationalities ending with an “e” are the same for both masculine and feminine. for example: “russe”, “belge”, suisse”, etc.

Masculine
Feminine
russerusse
belgebelge
suissesuisse

Some nationalities like “turc” ou “grec” change to feminine: “turque”, “grecque”, etc.

Masculine
Feminine
turcturque
grecgrecque

For example, to express your nationality, if you are a man (masculin), you can say: “Je suis américain.” If you are a woman (feminine) you can say: “Je suis américaine.” Here, “américain” or “américaine” are given as an example. Obviously, these words must be replaced by your nationality.


For languages, masculin nationality is used. for example: “Je parle français.”, “Elle parle vietnamien.”, “Elles parlent grec.”, etc.


For example, to express the languages you speak, you can say: “Je parle anglais et français.” Here, “anglais” and “français” are given as an example. Obviously, you have to replace them with the languages you speak.


For example, to introduce someone, if that person is a man (masculine), you can say: “Il est américain. Il parle anglais et français.” If that person is a woman (feminine), you can say: “Elle est américaine. Elle parle anglais et français.” Again, this is an example to replace with the nationality and languages spoken of the person you are introducing.


To deepen this French vocabulary lesson on nationalities and languages, you can study the French course: learn to introduce yourself and the French course: learn to introduce someone.


Once you have successfully mastered this vocabulary lesson about nationalities and languages in French, you can proceed to the next lexicon lesson:

French vocabulary lesson 2: French numbers from 0 to 20


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