French presentatives (c’est, ce sont, il y a)

French lesson 6 of grammar: the presentatives (c’est, ce sont, il y a) in French

Knowing the French presentatives is really very important. Indeed, they are widely used. In French, the presentatives are: c’est, ce sont, il y a. At the beginner level (A1 level), this is one of the first things to learn and master. The video below will teach you how to use French presentatives (c’est, ce sont, il y a):

Thanks to this video, you will learn the presentatives in French. To learn them well, repeat after the teacher. When the teacher says “c’est”, say “c’est”, when the teacher says “ce sont”, say “ce sont”, etc. Thus, you will be able to understand orally and pronounce the French presentatives well. To do well, watch the video several times, repeating after the teacher. To write and read the French presentatives well, copy the list below several times:

C’est
Ce sont
Il y a
Il n’y a pas de

Repeat and copy the examples several times:

To present in the singular: C’est + a person and C’est + an object:

C’est Gilbert. C’est mon père.
C’est mon livre.

To present in the plural: Ce sont + people and Ce sont + objects:

Ce sont mes parents.
Ce sont mes livres.

To describe in the singular: C’est + article + person and C’est + article + object:

C’est un homme célèbre.
C’est une table ronde.

To describe in the plural: Ce sont + article + people and Ce sont + article + objects:

Ce sont des femmes célèbres.
Ce sont des livres intéressants.

Il y a … + noun: Dans la cuisine, il y a une table et quatre chaises.
Il n’y a pas de + noun: Dans la cuisine, il n’y a pas de table.

To deepen this French grammar lesson on the French presentatives (c’est, ce sont, il y a), you can study the French course: learn to introduce your family and the French course: learn to describe an object.

Once you have correctly mastered this grammar lesson on the French presentatives (c’est, ce sont, il y a), you can move on to the next grammar lesson:


You can find other French grammar lessons by clicking here. You can also perfect your learning of the French language thanks to our






We regularly publish new content to learn French. To be kept informed of new publications, subscribe to the Youtube channel Flemotion : apprendre le français (video 100% in French but still useful for English speakers to learn French) and to the Youtube channel Learn French with Flemotion (videos with explanations in English) and to the Facebook page Flemotion : apprendre le français.