French indefinite articles (un, une, des)

French lesson 3 of grammar: indefinite articles (un, une, des) in French


The indefinite articles (un, une, des) are really essential for speaking French. Indeed, they are almost used for all the sentences. At the beginner level (A1 level), this is one of the first things to learn and master. The video below will teach you how to use the French indefinite articles (un, une, des) in French:

In the masculine, we use the indefinite article “un”. For example: “un bus” or “un garçon”. In the feminine, we use the indefinite article “une“. For example: “une télévision” or “une fille”. In the plural, we use the indefinite article “des“. For example: “des filles” or “des garçons”.

In French, the indefinite articles are placed before a common noun:


“Un” before a common noun in the singular masculine. Example: un garçon.

“Une” before a common noun in the singular feminine. Example: une fille.

“Des” before a common noun in the plural. Examples: des filles, des garçons.


Thanks to this video and this article, you will learn the French indefinite articles. To learn them well, repeat after the teacher. When the teacher says “un bus”, say “un bus”, when the teacher says “un garçon”, say “un garçon”, when the teacher says “une télévision”, say “une télévision”, etc., up to “des garçons”. Thus, you will be able to understand orally and pronounce well the indefinite articles in French. To do well, watch the video several times, repeating after the teacher. To write and read the French indefinite articles well, copy the list below several times:

un bus
un garçon
une télévision
une fille
des filles
des garçons


Once you have successfully mastered this grammar lesson on French indefinite articles, you can move on to the next French grammar lesson:


French grammar lesson 4: French articles and prepositions for countries and cities


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