French definite articles (le, la, l’, les)

French lesson 2 of grammar: definite articles (le, la, l’, les) in French

French definite articles (le, la, l’, les)

The definite articles (le, la, l’, les) are really essential for speaking French. Indeed, they are almost used for all the sentences. At the beginner level (A1 level), this is one of the first things to learn and master. The video below will teach you how to use the French definite articles (le, la, l’, les) in French:
In the masculine, we use the definite article “ le ” or “ l’ ”. For example: “le bus” or “l’avion”. In the feminine, we use the definite article " la " or " l’ ". For example, “la télévision” or “l’école”. Before a vowel (a, e, i, o, u, y), we put an " l’ ". In the plural, we use the definite article “les“. For example: “les bus” or “les écoles”.

In French, the definite articles are placed before a common noun:

“Le” before a common noun in the singular masculine. Example: le bus.

“La” before a common noun in the singular feminine. Example: la télévision.

“ L’ ” before a common noun in the masculine and feminine singular starting with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u, y). Examples : l’avion, l’école.

“Les” before a common noun in the plural. Examples : les bus, les écoles.

Thanks to this video and this article, you will learn the French definite articles. To learn them well, repeat after the teacher. When the teacher says “le bus”, say “le bus”, when the teacher says “l’avion”, say “l’avion”, when the teacher says “la télévision”, say “la télévision”, etc., up to “les écoles”. Thus, you will be able to understand orally and pronounce well the definite articles in French. To do well, watch the video several times, repeating after the teacher. To write and read the French definite articles well, copy the list below several times:

le bus
la télévision
les bus
les écoles

Once you have successfully mastered this grammar lesson on French definite articles, you can move on to the next French grammar lesson:

You can find other French grammar lessons by clicking here. You can also perfect your learning of the French language thanks to our:

We regularly publish new content to learn French. To be kept informed of new publications, subscribe to the Youtube channel Flemotion : apprendre le français (video 100% in French but still useful for English speakers to learn French) and to the Youtube channel Learn French with Flemotion (videos with explanations in English) and to the Facebook page Flemotion : apprendre le français.

For its proper functioning, our site uses cookies. In particular, they make it possible to personalize ads.

Google Analytics

Google Analytics is a service used on our website that tracks, reports traffic and measures how users interact with our website content in order for us to improve it and provide better services.


Integrated videos provided by YouTube are used on our website. By accepting to watch them you agree to Google's privacy policy:

Google Ad

Our website uses Google Ads to display advertising content. By accepting it you agree to the Google's privacy policy: