French verbs in IR in the present tense
French conjugation lesson 11: French verbs in IR in the present tense
Knowing the conjugation of the French verbs in IR in the present indicative is very important. Indeed, verbs in IR are widely used in French. It is imperative to learn to conjugate them correctly from the start of your French learning. In French, verbs are classified into three groups. The first group is made up of verbs that end in ER in the infinitive, such as the French verbs “parler” or “aimer”. For all intents and purposes: our lesson on conjugation of French verbs in ER (1st group) in the present indicative.
The second group is made up of verbs that end in IR like the French verbs “finir” or “choisir”. The third group is made up of verbs that end with other infinitive endings like OIR or DRE, but some also end with IR like the French verb “dormir”. To simplify your learning of the French verbs in IR in the present indicative, we have grouped them together in this lesson which contains the French verbs in IR of the 2nd and 3rd groups. The video below will teach you how to conjugate verbs in IR in the present indicative in French:
French verbs in IR of the 2nd group in the present tense
French IR verbs are verbs that end with “IR”. That is, verbs whose last two letters are "ir" in the infinitive such as the French verbs "finir" and "choisir". For the French IR verbs of the second group, in the present indicative, depending on the subject, the ending of the conjugated verbs will be:
is, is, it, issons, issez ou issent
Subject personal pronoun
|1st person singular||Je||is|
|2nd person singular||Tu||is|
|3rd person singular||Il ou Elle ou On||it|
|1st person plural||Nous||issons|
|2nd person plural||Vous||issez|
|3rd person plural||Ils ou Elles||issent|
Il finit / Elle finit / On finit
Ils finissent / Elles finissent
This conjugation is valid for all the French verbs in IR of the second group in the present tense. To be sure that a French verb in IR is of the 2nd group, its 3rd person plural (nous) ending must be "isssons". For example: nous finissons, nous choisissons, nous réfléchissons, nous réussissons, etc. Here is a list of the main French verbs in IR of the 2nd group:
accomplir, adoucir, affaiblir, agir, alourdir, amincir, anéantir, aplatir, arrondir, appauvrir, applaudir, approfondir, arrondir, attendrir, atterrir, avertir, bâtir, blanchir, bondir, démolir, désobéir, divertir, durcir, éblouir, éclaircir, élargir, engloutir, enrichir, ensevelir, envahir, épaissir, établir, évanouir, faiblir, finir, flétrir, fleurir, fournir, fraîchir, franchir, garantir, garnir, gémir, grandir, gravir, grossir, guérir, haïr, intervenir, investir, jaillir, jaunir, jouir, maigrir, meurtrir, mincir, moisir, mugir, munir, noircir, nourrir, obéir, pâlir, périr, pétrir, pourrir, punir, raccourcir, rafraîchir, rajeunir, ralentir, réagir, réfléchir, refroidir, rejaillir, remplir, répartir, ressaisir, rétablir, rétrécir, réunir, réussir, rôtir, rougir, rugir, saisir, salir, subir, surgir, ternir, tiédir, trahir, unir, vieillir, vomir.
For all these French verbs in IR of the 2nd group, in the present tense, depending on the subject, the ending will be: is, is, it, issons, issez ou issent.
Example with the French verb “accomplir” :
Il accomplit / Elle accomplit / On accomplit
Ils accomplissent / Elles accomplissent
We strongly recommend that you learn by heart the conjugation of the French verbs in IR from the second group in the present indicative, both spoken and written.
The French verbs in IR of the 3rd group in the present tense
Some verbs of the 3rd group end with IR. We have divided them into 3 categories:
1) The French verbs like cueillir, offrir, ouvrir ou souffrir, the conjugation of which is the same as that of the first group. That is, they consist of the stem (the infinitive without “ir”) plus, depending on the subject, the endings: e, es, e, ons, ez, ent.
For example, with the French verb “ouvrir” :
Il ouvre / Elle ouvre / On ouvre
Ils ouvrent / Elles ouvrent
Here is the list of the French verbs in IR of the 3rd group which conjugate according to this model:
accueillir, assaillir, couvrir, cueillir, découvrir, entrouvrir, offrir, ouvrir, recouvrir, recueillir, redécouvrir, rentrouvrir, rouvrir, saillir, souffrir et tressaillir.
2) The French verbs like dormir, mentir or partir :
a) In the singular (je, tu, il, elle, on), they are made up of the first 3 letters of the stem: dor for dormir, men for mentir, par for partir + endings s, s and t.
b) In the plural (nous, vous, ils, elles), they consist of the stem: dorm for dormir, ment for mentir, part for partir + endings ons, ez, ent.
Example with the French verb "dormir":
Il dort / Elle dort / On dort
Ils dorment / Elles dorment
Example with the French verb "partir":
Il part / Elle part / On part
Ils partent / Elles partent
3) French irregular verbs like "venir"
Il vient / Elle vient
Ils viennent / Elles viennent
The derivatives of the French verb venir (devenir, revenir, intervenir, se souvenir, etc.) and the French verb tenir and its derivatives (contenir, détenir, maintenir, obtenir, etc.) are conjugated according to the same model.
Example with the French verb "obtenir":
Il obtient / Elle obtient
Ils obtiennent / Elles obtiennent
There are other French irregular verbs in IR with subtleties of conjugation in the present tense. You will learn them by practicing the French language.
Once you have successfully mastered this conjugation lesson on the French verbs in IR in the present tense, you can move on to the next conjugation lesson:
You can find other French conjugation lessons in French by clicking here. You can also perfect your learning of the French language thanks to our:
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